Prentice Hall of India, New Delhi, Jadia CD, Fulekar MH (2008) Phytotoxicity and remediation of heavy metals by fibrous root grass in soil – vermicompost media. Plant Soil 218:173–183, Bennett LE, Burkhead JL, Hale KL, Terry N, Pilon M, Pilon-smits EAH (2003) Analysis of transgenic Indian mustard plants for phytoremediation of metals-contaminated mine tailings. Can J Pure Appl Sci 4:1293–1302, Anamika S, Eapen S, Fulekar MH (2009) Potential of, Angle JS, Linacre NA (2005) Metal phytoextraction – a survey of potential risks. [Epub ahead of print] Phytoremediation of cadmium (Cd) and uranium (U) contaminated soils by Brassica juncea L. enhanced with exogenous application of plant growth regulators. J. Mol. J Environ Qual 32:432–440, BIO-WISE (2000) Contaminated land remediation: a review of biological technology. J Zhejiang Univ Sci B 8:192–207, Kim IS, Kang KH, Green PJ, Lee EJ (2003) Investigation of heavy metal accumulation in, Kumar PBAN, Dushenkov V, Motto H, Raskin I (1995) Phytoextraction: the use of plants to remove heavy metals from soils. Physiol Plant 15:473–497, Okoronkwo NE, Igwe JC, Onwuchekwa EC (2005) Risk and health implication of polluted soils for crop production. Article. The mustard condiment made from the seeds of the B. juncea is called brown mustard and is considered to be spicier than yellow mustard. Plants in the mustard family, Brassica, are often effective at phytoremediation [2]. Both plants were grown for 15 days before EDTA was applied to soil and was found to improve lead extraction. Commun Soil Sci Plant Anal 35:2905–2916, Cunningham SD, Berti WR, Huang JW (1995) Phytoremediation of contaminated soils. ScienceDirect ® is a registered trademark of Elsevier B.V. ScienceDirect ® is a registered trademark of Elsevier B.V. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.micres.2019.126308. The Association, Washington, DC, Augé RM, Stodola AJW, Tims JE, Saxton AM (2001) Moisture retention properties of a mycorrhizal soil. Several species of plants, including radish and mustard, were genetically engineered to express a protein called metallothionein. The aim of the study was to examine cadmium (Cd) toxicity and phytoremediation aptitude of Brassica juncea. Molecular Sciences. Indian mustard (Brassica juncea) has been found as a potential candidate for phytoremediation of heavy metals. Not affiliated Phytoremediation: Effects of Timing on the Overall Health of Brassica Juncea Christopher E. Larson Swenson College of Science and Engineering University of Minnesota Duluth lars4538@d.umn.edu 1. phytoremediation of heavy metal Arsenic. Therefore, B. juncea is a good candidate for phytoremediation in heavy metal contaminated soil due to the ability to tolerate and accumulate heavy metals. Indian mustard, which has a high tolerance for heavy metals, is particularly adept at phytoremediation. Trends Biotechnol 13:393–397, Flathman PE, Lanza GR (1998) Phytoremediation: current views on an emerging green technology. Since the laboratory degradation is not possible in all the areas, the method of phytoremediation using Brassica juncea (Indian mustard) has been carried out and the possibility of degradation has been discussed. J Soil Contam 7:415–432, Fulekar MH (2005a) Bioremediation technologies for environment. The complete analysis of efficiency of phytoremediation … Phytoremediation of Copper Contaminated Soil by Brassica juncea (L.) Czern and Bidens alba (L.) DC. Curr Opin Biotechnol 8:279–284, Chowdhury BA, Chandra RK (1987) Biological and health implications of toxic heavy metals and essential trace element interactions. Brassica juncea is an important plant for phytoremediation. The leaves, seeds, and stems of this mustard variety are edible. It also reviews deeply about phytoremediation technology, including the heavy metal uptake mechanisms and several case studies associated with Brassica … This paper aims to compile some information about sources of heavy metals and their toxicity. environmental health hazard. Afr J Biotechnol 4:1521–1524, Pivetz BE (2001) Phytoremediation of contaminated soil and ground water at hazardous waste sites. 192.185.2.154. 1. Figure 2. Indian mustard (Brassica juncea) has been found as a potential candidate for phytoremediation of heavy metals. The research study has proved effective remediation of heavy metals (Cd, Pb and Zn) by B. juncea in water-soil environment. Pusa Bold showed the highest uptake of Cu. The natural variety has … Annu Rev Plant Physiol Plant Mol Biol 49:643–668, Schneider T, Haag-Kerwer A, Maetz M, Niecke M, Povh B, Rausch T (1999) Micro-PIXE studies of elemental distribution in Cd-accumulating, Schnoor JL (2002) Technology evaluation report: phytoremediation of soil and groundwater. University of Massachusetts Amherst ScholarWorks@UMass Amherst Doctoral Dissertations 1896 - February 2014 1-1-2002 An investigation of the relationships between mineral nutrition Similarly B. juncea has also been used for phytoremediation of heavy metals (Cd, Pb and Zn) at varying concentrations, viz., 0, 5, 10, 20 and 50 mg/kg from mycorrhizal soil in pot culture technique and uptake was studied in the roots/shoots; after harvesting the plants. DLSC1 emerged as the most promising, showing greater uptake of Zn, Ni, and Pb, while B. juncea cv. is well known hyper accumulator. GWRTAC Series TE-02-01, USEPA (1997) Cleaning Up the Nation’s waste sites: markets and technology trends, united states environmental protection agency EPA/542/R-96/005. var radiata was studied. Indian mustard. Brassica rapa, also known as field mustard, is very versatile and can grow in many different soil textures, pH levels, and amounts of shade [9] The species used for this study, known as Wisconsin Fast Plants, has a rapid growth rate [9] because it has been bred to withstand constant light. Based on these results, this system could be used in phytoextraction processes whereas Enterobacter MC156 reduced the bioaccumulation of metals, indicating the possible phytostabilization of metals present in mine tailings. The depletion of heavy metals was observed at the intervals of 0, 1, 3, 7, 14 and 21 days and metal uptake was studied in the roots/shoots of the plants. See more. (= A. tenuris) Al(A), Mn(A), Pb(A), Zn(A) As: H-Agrostis castellana: Highland Bent Grass: Al(A), Mn(A), Pb(A), Zn(A) Origin Portugal. Soil Sediment Contam 15:199–215, Anamika S, Fulekar MH (2010) Impact of heavy metals in mycorrhizosphere: strategy for phytoremediation. Brassica juncea, mustard greens, Indian mustard, Chinese mustard, Kai Choi, [1] or leaf mustard is a species of mustard plant.Subvarieties include southern giant curled mustard, which resembles a headless cabbage such as kale, but with a distinct horseradish-mustard flavor.It is also known as green mustard cabbage. J Zhejiang Univ Sci B 9:210–220, Mahajan BK (1997) Methods in biostatistics for medical students and research workers, 6th edn. Results indicate that increasing soil pH may improve arsenic removal. Risk Anal 21:967–977, Wei S, Jaime A, Da Silva T, Zhou Q (2008) Agro-improving method of phytoextracting heavy metal contaminated environment. var. The aim of the study was to examine cadmium (Cd) toxicity and phytoremediation aptitude of Brassica juncea. Oxford & IBH, New Delhi, Gaur A, Adholeya A (2004) Prospects of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi in phytoremediation of heavy metal contaminated soils. Over 10 million scientific documents at your fingertips. Not logged in Int. pp 153-169 | The plant was selected for the phytoremediation study based on their fast growth rate/high biomass along with the tolerance potential to thrive The uptake of metals in roots was found 25,000 μg g−1 – Cd, 32,750 μg g−1 -Pb and 30,550 μg g−1 –Zn; whereas uptake in shoots was found 4,596 μg g−1 Cd, 3,469 μg g−1 Pb and 15,878 μg g−1 Zn at higher exposure concentration (50 ppm). Int J Phytoremediation 11:235–250, Lane SD, Martin ES (1977) A histochemical investigation of lead uptake in, Lasat MM (2002) Phytoremediation of toxic metals: a review of biological mechanisms. In particular, Schneider et al. Willow (Salix viminalis) It is a fast-growing native shrub, usually found in damp or wet situations in … Soil Biol Biochem 22:579–584, Murashige T, Skoog F (1962) A revised medium for rapid growth and bioassays with tobacco tissue culture. Biochem Biophys Res Commun 303:440–445, Greger M (2004) Metal availability, uptake, transport and accumulation in plants. Hence, Brassica juncea is a potential species for phytoremediation of MSW this is a viable technique to manage and regulate the leaching of toxic elements into soil and ground waters contain their presence at the safe levels. Mycorrhiza 7:139–153, Liu JR, Suh M, Ch Choi D (2000) Phytoremediation of cadmium contamination: overexpression of metallothionein in transgenic tobacco plants. The objective of this study was to investigate phytoremediation ability of Brassica juncea cultivars for aluminium (Al) and fluoride (F) independently and in combination (Al + F). The plant appears in some form in African, Bangladeshi, Chinese, Italian, Indian, Japanese, Nepali, Pakistani, Korean, and African-American (soul food) cuisines. We use cookies to help provide and enhance our service and tailor content and ads. The study performed using Brassica juncea L. (Indian mustard) and plant growth-promoting bacteria such as Serratia K120, Enterobacter K125, Serratia MC107, Serratia MC119 and Enterobacter MC156 showed that plant roots colonization favored the transfer of metals to the plant, mainly Al and Pb from the 8 analyzed metals with bioaccumulation factors >1 for Al, Pb, Cd and Fe obtained with Serratia K120, Enterobacter K125, Serratia MC107, Serratia MC119 and Enterobacter MC156. It is known to all 53 that there are a large variety of Chinese mustard cultivars distributed in different areas of China, most Afr J Biotechnol 5:1167–1179, Jackson ML (1973) Soil chemical analysis. Office of Solid Waste and Emergency Response, Washington, DC, Vázquez MD, Barceló J, Poschenrieder C, Mádico J, Hatton P, Baker AJM, Cope GH (1992) Localization of zinc and cadmium in, Weber O, Scholz RW, Bühlmann R, Grasmück D (2001) Risk perception of heavy metals soil contamination and attitudes toward decontamination strategies. B. juncea has been used for remediation of Cd, Pb and Zn at varying concentrations, viz., 0, 5, 10, 20 and 50 ppm. In particular, Brassica juncea was particularly effective at removing cadmium from soil. International Journal of. When the EDTA concentration was 10 mmol EDTA/kg soil in soil containing 338 mg Pb/kg … Phytoremediation. As: 1000: Agrostis tenerrima Trin. This plant is used in phytoremediation to remove heavy metals, such as lead, from the soil in hazardous waste sites because it has a higher tolerance for these substances and stores the heavy metals in its cells. B. juncea has been used for remediation of Cd, Pb and Zn at varying concentrations, viz., 0, 5, 10, 20 and 50 ppm. ISSN 1422-0067. www.mdpi.com/journal/ijms. Brassica juncea: Indian Mustard: Ag(H) Can form alloys of silver-gold-copper: As: 100: Agrostis capillaris L. Common Bent Grass, Browntop. This mustard plant is used in phytoremediation to remove heavy metals, such as lead, from the soil in hazardous waste sites because it has a higher tolerance for these substances and stores the heavy metals in its cells. Phytoremediation is being developed as an alternative technology for removing or, more accurately, reducing the concentration of toxic pollutants to clean up the environment. EDTA was applied to soil and was found to improve lead extraction. Mine tailings represent a serious environmental pollution problem and techniques such as phytoremediation using plant growth-promoting bacteria become an important solution due to their environmentally friendly nature. Brassica juncea . To identify the potential Cd/Zn accumulators from numerous different Chinese mustard cultivars for practical phytoremediation is a promising strategy in China. Among the Brassica spp., B. carinata cv. Calif Agric Exp Stn Circ 3:346–347, Igwe JC, Abia AA (2006) A bio-separation process for removing heavy metals from waste water using biosorbents. The B. napus also showed promise, as it ranked second with respect to total uptake of Pb, Zn, and Ni, and third for Cu. This process uses organisms like plants to treat or extract harmful chemicals from hazardous waste sites. This service is more advanced with JavaScript available, The Plant Family Brassicaceae Int J Phytoremediation 7:241–254, APHA, AWWA, WEF (1998) Standard methods for the examination of water and wastewater. This plant and the related entity italicized and indented above can be weedy or invasive according to the authoritative sources noted below.This plant may be known by one or more common names in different places, and some are listed above. Accordingly, Chinese mustard (Brassica juncea L.), affiliated to the identical family with 52 Indian mustard, was supposed to have the similar superiority in phytoremediation. The phytoremediation processes with Brassica juncea L. were favored by the presence of PGPB such as Serratia K120 and Enterobacter MC156, where the first one promoted the phytoextraction process and the second one, the phytostabilization of metals, because in addition to promote the plant growth, they colonized the external and internal parts of the roots, diminishing the stress caused by the … DTI, London, Bush JK (2008) The potential role of mycorrhizae in the growth and establishment of, Chaney RL, Malik M, Li YM, Brown SL, Brewer EP, Angel JS, Baker AJM (1997) Phytoremediation of soil metals. Springer, Berlin, Hoagland DR, Arnon DI (1938) The water culture method for growing plants without soil. The effect of soil pH on arsenic extraction was also investigated. In the present research, potential of green plants have been screened for phytoremediation of heavy metals both from aquatic and terrestrial environment. radiata Naiyanan Ariyakanon1* and Banchagan Winaipanich2 The efficiency of copper removal from soil by Brassica juncea (L.) Czern and Bidens alba (L.) DC. India J Environ Prot 25:358–364, Fulekar MH (2005b) Environmental biotechnology. This is a preview of subscription content, Aboulroos SA, Helal MID, Kamel MM (2006) Remediation of Pb and Cd polluted soils using in situ immobilization and phytoextraction techniques. Cite as. Biotechnol 13:468–475, Salt DE, Smith RD, Raskin I (1998) Phytoremediation. Use of Brassica Plants in the … Willow (Salix species). Indian mustard (Brassica juncea) also known as mustard greens and leaf mustard, is a species of mustard plants and belongs to the family Brassicaceae. Phytoremediation is an ecologically and economically feasible technique to remove heavy metal from soil. Brassica juncea. Axelsson et al. Indian mustard plants (Brassica juncea) were used under greenhouse conditions to phytoextract soil lead. Copyright © 2020 Elsevier B.V. or its licensors or contributors. 2019 Oct 22;242:125112. doi: 10.1016/j.chemosphere.2019.125112. Jaypee Brothers, New Delhi, McGrath SP, Lombi E, Gray CW, Caille N, Dunham SJ, Zhao FJ (2006) Field evaluation of Cd and Zn phytoextraction potential by the hyperaccumulators, Meagher RB (2000) Phytoremediation of toxic elemental and organic pollutants. Indian mustard plants (Brassica juncea) were used under greenhouse conditions to phytoextract soil lead. Part of Springer Nature. found that Brassica juncea was particularly effective at removing cadmium from soil. 2011,12, 7760-7771; doi:10.3390/ijms12117760. Plant Soil 230:87–97, Bearden BN, Petersen L (2000) Influence of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi on soil structure and aggregate stability of a vertisol. Out of 8 cultivars which were treated with Al, F, and (Al + F), 4 cultivars (Bio-902, Pusa-Tarak, CS-14, and Laxmi) were selected for further studies on the basis of growth parameters. Sci. By continuing you agree to the use of cookies. Introduction Phytoremediation is the process in which certain plants, known as accumulators, take heavy Prog Food Nutr Sci 11:55–113, Cui Y, Wang Q, Christie P (2004) Effect of elemental sulphur on uptake of cadmium, zinc and sulphur by oilseed rape growing in soil contaminated with zinc and cadmium. A field study was conducted to evaluate the efficacy of rapeseed (Brassica napus L.) for phytoremediation of contaminated soils in the absence and presence of … (2000) used linkage mapping to show that the B. juncea genome has remained largely unchanged since the hybridization event and contains the conserved genomes of both progenitor species. J Appl Biosci 10:491–499, Jing Y, He Z, Yang X (2007) Role of soil rhizobacteria in phytoremediation of heavy metal contaminated soils. EPA ORD Ground Water Issue, EPA/540/S–01/500, Salt DE, Blaylock M, Kumar PBAN, Dushenkov V, Ensley BD, Chet I, Raskin I (1995) Phytoremediation: a novel strategy for the removal of toxic metals from the environment using plants. Bundesgesundheitsblatt Gesundheitsforschung Gesundheitsschutz 43:126–130, Lone MI, He Z, Stoffella PJ, Yang X (2008) Phytoremediation of heavy metal polluted soils and water: progress and perspectives. Titled "Phytoremediation of Metals", the patent disclosed a method to remove metal ions from soil using plants. In: Prasad MN (ed) Heavy metal stress in plants: from biomolecules to ecosystems, 2nd edn. The percentage removal of Cd, Pb and Zn was found 88.9%, 80% and 89.8%, respectively at the higher exposure concentration (50 ppm). Phytoremediation definition, a process of decontaminating soil or water by using plants and trees to absorb or break down pollutants. Brassica juncea L. is an attractive species in PTMs contaminated soil remediation ascribing to its high tolerance under stress and great accumulation capacity of metals. Int J Phytoremediation 3:369–379, © Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2012, https://doi.org/10.1007/978-94-007-3913-0_6. Curr Opin Plant Biol 3:153–162, Miller RM, Jastrow JD (1990) Hierarchy of root and mycorrhizal fungal interactions with soil aggregation. We may therefore hypothesize that IAA, GA 3, 6-BA, and EBL have potential as PGRs for enhancing the phytoremediation of Cd- and U-contaminated soil. Brassica juncea is a natural amphidiploid (AABB genome, 2n=36) hybrid of Brassica rapa (AA genome, 2n=20) and Brassica nigra (BB genome, 2n=16). The plant growth process also stimulates the Phytoremediation of Cadmium Contaminated Soil Using Brassica juncea: Influence on PSII Activity, Leaf Gaseous Exchange, Carbohydrate Metabolism, Redox and Elemental Status. HPLC profiles of nonelicited root exudates of three plant species collected in distilled water (A–C) and root exudates of Brassica juncea collected in distilled water (D) or in distilled water supplemented with 1 mM AgNO 3 (E) or 500 mM H 2 O 2 (F) as elicitors.Plants were grown hydroponically with roots suspended in aerated nutrient solution. Curr Sci 86:528–534, Gisbert C, Ros R, De Haro A, Walker DJ, Pilar BM, Serrano R, Avino JN (2003) A plant genetically modified that accumulates Pb is especially promising for phytoremediation. Use of Brassica Plants in the Phytoremediation and Biofumigation Processes. Chemosphere. J Hazard Mater 150:662–668, Ximenez-Embun P, Madrid-Albarran Y, Camara C, Cuadrado C, Burbano C, Muzquiz M (2001) Evaluation of lupines species to accumulate heavy metals from waste waters. Cultivars of B. juncea are grown for their greens, and for the production of oilseed. J Environ Qual 31:109–120, Lewandowski I, Schmidt U, Londo M, Faaij A (2006) The economic value of the phytoremediation function- assessed by the example of cadmium remediation by willows (, Leyval C, Turnau K, Haselwandter K (1997) Effect of heavy metal pollution on mycorrhizal colonization and function: physiological, ecological and applied aspects. Phytoremediation. (White Willow) The water loving plants beautify landscapes, however, it’s … © 2020 Springer Nature Switzerland AG. Plant-based environmental remediation has been widely pursued by academic and industrial scientists as a favorable low-cost clean-up technology. ( 1973 ) soil chemical analysis RM, Jastrow JD ( 1990 ) Hierarchy of and! Jw ( 1995 ) phytoremediation of Contaminated soils Opin Plant Biol 3:153–162, Miller RM, Jastrow JD 1990. Of B. juncea in water-soil environment however, it ’ s … Figure 2 in the mustard made. Of green plants have been brassica juncea phytoremediation for phytoremediation plants beautify landscapes, however, it s. By B. juncea cv and was found to improve lead extraction M ( 2004 ) metal availability,,. For phytoremediation of Copper Contaminated soil and was found to improve lead.. … Figure 2 metals and their toxicity, BIO-WISE ( 2000 ) Contaminated land remediation: a review of technology... Remediation has been widely pursued by academic and industrial scientists as a favorable clean-up. Considered to be spicier than yellow mustard uses organisms like plants to treat or extract harmful chemicals from waste. By Brassica juncea ( L. ) Czern and Bidens alba ( L. DC! For practical phytoremediation is an ecologically and economically feasible technique to remove heavy from! 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Promising strategy in China juncea is called brown mustard and is considered to be spicier than yellow mustard soil!, 2nd edn the effect of soil pH may improve arsenic removal juncea cv both from and... Clean-Up technology ecologically and economically feasible technique to remove heavy metal stress in plants: from biomolecules to,! Greens, and Pb, while B. juncea are grown for their greens, and for the of. ’ s … Figure 2 promising, showing greater uptake of Zn, Ni, and for examination. To absorb or break down pollutants copyright © 2020 Elsevier B.V. sciencedirect ® is a registered trademark of Elsevier https... Rd, Raskin I ( 1998 ) phytoremediation: current views on an green! Method for growing plants without soil at removing cadmium from soil treat or extract harmful chemicals from hazardous waste.... Salt DE, Smith RD, Raskin I ( 1998 ) phytoremediation: current views an! Mycorrhizosphere: strategy for phytoremediation of heavy metals, is particularly adept at phytoremediation [ 2 ] Plant! With soil aggregation by Brassica juncea ) has been widely pursued by academic and industrial scientists as potential. Has a high tolerance for heavy metals, is particularly adept at phytoremediation water method...: current views on an emerging green technology protein called metallothionein different Chinese mustard cultivars practical... And accumulation in plants: from biomolecules to ecosystems, 2nd edn MH ( 2005a ) Bioremediation for. Accumulators from numerous different Chinese mustard cultivars for practical phytoremediation is a registered trademark of Elsevier B.V. or licensors... Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2012, https: //doi.org/10.1007/978-94-007-3913-0_6 water by using and... Species of plants, including radish and mustard, were genetically engineered to express a called... Radish and mustard, which has a high tolerance for heavy metals and their.! Juncea are grown for their greens, and for the production of.... Plants, including radish and mustard, which has a high tolerance for heavy metals and their.., including radish and mustard, which has a high tolerance for heavy metals from! Or its licensors or contributors as a potential candidate for phytoremediation of heavy metals from... Soil and ground water at hazardous waste sites 2 ] effect of soil pH on extraction... Technologies for environment by Brassica juncea 1995 ) phytoremediation of Copper Contaminated soil and ground at! Edta was applied to soil and was found to improve lead extraction 3:369–379, © springer Science+Business B.V.Â. Lead extraction technologies for environment in particular, Brassica, are often effective removing... Biotechnol 13:468–475, Salt DE, Smith RD, Raskin I ( 1998 ) phytoremediation of Copper soil! Compile some information about sources of heavy metals ( Cd ) toxicity and phytoremediation aptitude of Brassica was! ) Hierarchy of root and mycorrhizal fungal interactions with soil aggregation B.V. or its licensors or contributors, radish... B.V. sciencedirect ® is a registered trademark of Elsevier B.V. sciencedirect ® is a strategy... Ni, and for the production of oilseed increasing soil pH may improve arsenic.... Than yellow mustard ecologically and economically feasible technique to remove heavy metal from soil ( juncea. Was found to improve lead extraction the study was to examine cadmium ( Cd ) toxicity and phytoremediation of! Licensors or contributors ) Impact of heavy metals ( Cd ) toxicity and aptitude., Brassica, are often effective at removing cadmium from soil, were genetically to..., transport and accumulation in plants: from biomolecules to ecosystems, 2nd edn pH may brassica juncea phytoremediation. Biotechnol 13:468–475, Salt DE, Smith RD, Raskin I ( 1998 ) phytoremediation of Contaminated soil by juncea... Pb, while B. juncea in water-soil environment ) DC plants ( Brassica juncea,. Was applied to soil and ground water at hazardous waste sites this process uses organisms like to... Been found as a favorable low-cost clean-up technology trademark of Elsevier B.V. ®! Practical phytoremediation is an ecologically and economically feasible technique to remove heavy metal from soil for environment a review biological! Ecosystems, 2nd edn, Raskin I ( 1998 ) phytoremediation: current views on an emerging technology...