The ornate costumes of the aristocracy and haute bourgeouisie – a trapping of wealth and extravagance – had largely disappeared by 1791. French revolutionary culture was dominated by ideas of nationalism, progress, social unity and egalitarianism. Others look to material culture for a way in.26 The shared goal, though, is to give the history of the revolutionary era back its contemporary relevance, which is to say, its (lost) political bite. This work is written by a US Government employee and is in the public domain in the US. The causes and consequences of the French Revolution They reflect the convulsive society of the time. Instead, historians’ attention turned—also under the broad rubric of cultural history—to symbolic programs and forms of signification operative in political and social life more broadly. The following sources offer a variety of perspectives on the lasting effects of the French press in shaping the Revolution’s historiography. Culture changed from rule by authority, to rule by force and eventually rule by the people. ! The first is David’s visual account of the Tennis Court Oath, a mural sponsored by the Jacobin club and the National Assembly but never finished to David’s satisfaction. See, for example, Lynn Hunt, Inventing Human Rights: A History (New York, 2008), which draws attention to empathetic novel reading in the decades before the Revolution, and Dan Edelstein, The Terror of Natural Right: Republicanism, the Culture of Nature, and the French Revolution (Chicago, 2009), which, quite differently, takes seriously enduring literary myths about the Golden Age in reshaping natural rights thinking. This article explores, first, the emergence and flourishing of the so-called cultural turn in French revolutionary studies between the 1980s and the present, including recent work on the study of race and gender, emotion, experience, violence, and conspiracy thinking. The revolution overthrew the cultural belief that there was a divine right of kings to rule, it formed the road to democracy, by destroying the feudal system of kings a classes. The French Revolution was not only a political and ideological movement. 7 For an even more poignant criticism of the role of ideas, consult Roger Chartier, The Cultural Origins of the French Revolution , trans Lydia G. Cochrane (Princeton, NJ, 1991), 67–91. While the French Revolution was a complex conflict with numerous triggers and causes, the American Revolution set the stage for an effective uprising that the French had observed firsthand. Égalité! Related Articles: What is the Legacy of […] Among the main causes is economic instability, and one of the most important consequences was the recognition of human rights. Several popular songs emerged during the French Revolution, most notably the military anthem La Marseillaise, written by Rouget de Lisle in 1792. Written as a war song, La Marseillaise gained public popularity because of its huge sound, its anthemic strains and the vigorous call to arms in its lyrics. 2. Finally, the military took control of the regime. This second strain was more focused on the study of mentality and meaning-making writ large, that is, on the invention, expression, dissemination, and absorption of ideas, beliefs, and attitudes not only in cultural institutions or arenas (long already the domain of the history of culture) or even in formal, systematic philosophical texts (long the domain of the history of ideas). And while some scholars have used this trans-national focus to emphasize the rise of national distinctions in the realm of culture, others now draw our attention to commonalities derived from shared cultural sources and shared circuits of cultural as well as commercial exchange before, during, and after 1789–99.18. Being the Americans ally when they went through their revolution and was struggling the French came to… Many, like the tricolore cockades and flags, were unique to France. The effects of the French Revolution, however, remain indelible in the shaping of French culture. Feudalism was dead; social order and contractual relations were consolidated by the Code Napoléon. The effects of French Revolutions are-1. The ideas of the Enlightenment and the revolutionary struggle were incorporated into poetry and song. John Conteh-Morgan (Minneapolis, MN, 2006 [1992]). The revolution also changed the way that individuals communicated with each other. Cultural . The historiography of the French Revolution stretches back over two hundred years, as commentators and historians have sought to answer questions regarding the origins of the Revolution, and its meaning and effects. 2. The French Revolution began in 1789 with the Taking of the Bastille. Either way, for self-described cultural historians in this vein, what was increasingly also being called the study of “political culture” demanded particular attention to the analysis of the conventions associated with political language and the business of naming. In the short-term, France lost thousands of its countrymen in the form of émigrés, or emigrants who wished to escape political tensions and save their lives. For recent efforts to uncover the cultural causes, dynamic, and consequences of the Haitian Revolution, see, for example, Laurent Dubois, “‘Our Three Colors’: The King, the Republic, and the Political Culture of Slave Revolution in Saint-Domingue,” Historical Reflections / Réflexions historiques 29, no. The Main Causes While numerous factors contributed to the Revolution, most historians agree that a few key events and philosophies prevalent in late 18th century France led to a society that was ripe for revolting. Mao Zedong was the in charge of starting this movement as he wanted to enforce communism more on the country by trying to remove capitalist and certain elements from the current Chinese society that were affecting his party negatively. Western Europe seemed the most impacted by French invasions. Some of this new research put a spotlight on those newly in charge—political leaders of various kinds—and the old paradigms, as well as startlingly new ones, that these (primarily) men drew upon in an effort to impose a “revolutionary” culture on the new nation. The French revolution is one of the most important events in history that had a monumental effect upon politics and society. Britain and the French Revolution edited by H T Dickinson (Macmillan, 1989) Partners in Revolution: The United Irishmen and France by Marianne … were optimistic and initially moderate, praising the National Assembly and the Marquis de Lafayette – but like the revolution itself, they changed over time, becoming more radical and violent. This site is created and maintained by Alpha History. Events like this often destroy many aspects of the past culture. As a result, it upheaved Europe’s status quo marking the beginning of the end of Monarchy in Europe. The events of 1789-93 also changed how people lived, dressed and spoke. French revolutionary culture also borrowed symbols from classical mythology, the Enlightenment and the American Revolution. The symbology of the French Revolution also used human figures. Date accessed: December 09, 2020 1990 ] ), just as much with fewer hands, thus families became smaller youth, and! 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