borneensis Corner, F. deltoidea forma subhirsuta Corner, F. deltoidea var. [32] conducted another similar study with the same result and they additionally considered lactate dehydrogenase C4 (LDH-C4), a specific isoenzyme in mammalian testes that plays a role in sperm capacitation. Corner, var. Hasham R, Choi HK, Sarmidi MR, Park CS. This plant is native to the Malayan Archipelago and has been introduced elsewhere. Ficus deltoidea Jack (Moraceae) has had a long history of use in traditional medicine among the Malays to alleviate and heal ailments such as sores, wounds, and rheumatism and as an after-birth tonic and an antidiabetic drug. Malay people said the small is male and the big one is female… This might be due to different types of phytochemical property in those two extracts. Predictably, gastric protection was more effective with use of 500 mg kg−1   angustifolia, var. A. Zakaria et al., “Evaluation of the antinociceptive activity of, M. J. Oh, M. Abdul Hamid, S. Ngadiran, Y. K. Seo, M. R. Sarmidi, and C. S. Park, “, R. Hasham, H. K. Choi, M. R. Sarmidi, and C. S. Park, “Protective effects of a, M. Hakiman and M. Maziah, “Non enzymatic and enzymatic antioxidant activities in aqueous extract of different, M. A. S. F. Zahra, A. This review will unify fragmented information Find Scientific Name Ficus Deltoidea Malay Name stock images in HD and millions of other royalty-free stock photos, illustrations and vectors in the Shutterstock collection. Grison-Pigé L, Bessière JM, Hossaert-McKey M. Specific attraction of fig-pollinating wasps: role of volatile compounds released by tropical figs. In Malaysia, hypercholesterolemia or high blood cholesterol is known as CVD’s main risk factor. Additionally, F. deltoidea fruits are traditionally chewed to relieve toothache, cold, and headache and the entire Ficus deltoidea plant is also traditionally used as an aphrodisiac tonic and as health tonic by women in Indonesia. [26]. Find Ficus Deltoidea Mas Cotek Malaysia stock images in HD and millions of other royalty-free stock photos, illustrations and vectors in the Shutterstock collection. Lip}, journal={Planta Medica}, year={2007}, volume={73} } Characterization antibacterial constituent from Ficus deltoideus Jack … These rats were administered alloxan monohydrate, which is known to cause an increase in blood glucose level, blood clotting rate, and sperm abnormalities and a decrease in testosterone level. On the other hand, Kalman et al. The antioxidant property of the F. deltoidea extract was revealed through a total phenolic content and ferric reducing antioxidant potential (FRAP) assay by Omar et al. Ficus deltoidea is an evergreen shrub that reaches a height of 2 meters, with whitish grey bark, leaves broadly spoon-shaped to obovate, with a leaf length between 4 cm and 8 cm, coloured bright green above, and rust-red to olive-brown beneath. For many years there has been a tremendous interest in biological products gained from megadiversity countries like Malaysia. This review was funded by UKM Research University Grant (Project no. A. Majid, and M. R. Sarmidi, “Cytotoxicity of aqueous and ethanolic extracts of, S. Nurdiana, A. Dried leaves don’t have any strong latex and safely to used. The rats treated with F. deltoidea also showed decreased scar width, more fibroblast proliferation, and more collagen fibres accompanied by angiogenesis in the granulation tissue. The results demonstrate that F. deltoidea leaves do have antinociceptive activity, corroborating its traditional use in treating painful conditions, such as headache and toothache. Comprehensive attempts have been made on efficiency and safety studies on F. deltoidea [34–36]. Thousands of new, high-quality pictures added every day. A genotoxicity study was performed using the Ames test with the TA98 and TA100 Salmonella typhimurium strains and showed the F. deltoidea extract did not have any potential to induce mutations in the presence or absence of S9 metabolic activation [36]. This summary could be beneficial for future research aiming to exploit the therapeutic potential of this useful, medicinal species. Aqueous and ethanol extracts of F. deltoidea were found to have anticancer activity against human ovarian carcinoma cell line A2780 using a cell-based assay and confirmed by microscopic observation [30]. Ficus deltoideaJack (Moraceae) has had a long history of use in traditional medicine among the Malays to alleviate and heal ailments such as sores, wounds, and rheumatism and as an after-birth tonic and an antidiabetic drug. Ficus deltoidea Jack (Moraceae) is a plant used in Malaysia for various diseases including as a supplement in diabetes management. Ficus deltoidea was also reported to have antimelanogenic effects in reducing melanogenesis biosynthesis for melanin production [22]. Ficus deltoidea Jack (Ficus: Moraceae) is a diverse species of subgenus Ficus, section Ficus and subsection Frutescentiae; which contains 25–30 species found in the Sino-Himalayan and western Malesian region . A genotoxicity study was performed using the Ames test with the TA98 and TA100 Salmonella typhimurium strains and showed the F. deltoidea extract did not have any potential to induce mutations in the presence or absence of S9 metabolic activation [36]. Despite its importance, a review of this species has not been published in the scientific literature to date. Chemical structure of (a) flavan-3-ol monomer and (b) proanthocyanidins. kunstleri (King) Corner, and var. Other vernacular names include Sempit-Sempit and Agoluran for people in Sabah, Sarawak, and the Kalimantan Islands, Tabat Barito in Indonesia, and Kangkalibang in Africa. One of the most popular and well-known plants with a long history of use among the Malays is Ficus deltoidea Jack, a plant of the family Moraceae. Currently, there is a paradigm shift of interest in Eastern medicines as alternative prevention approaches and therapeutic cholesterol control treatment. Previously, Hakiman and Maziah [24] described another experiment where different aqueous extracts of F. deltoidea accessions were evaluated for their antioxidant activities using several assays such as FRAP, free radical scavenging assay, total polyphenol, flavonoid, phenolic acid, and vitamin C. The potential of F. deltoidea whole-plant extract as an ulcer healing agent for gastric ulcers caused by ethanol in Sprague Dawley rats was investigated by Zahra et al. A study by Shafaei et al. Background. bilobata Corner, F. deltoidea var. Adam Z, Ismail A, Khamis S, Mohd. Ficus leaves have a strong latex that strong enough to clog your gut. Ong et al. angustifolia (known as male plant) and Ficus deltoidea This summary could be beneficial for future research aiming to exploit the therapeutic potential of this useful, medicinal species. Modern pharmacological studies demonstrated that this plant has a wide variety of beneficial attributes for human health. You may notice problems with The synonym is F. deltoidea var. Later on, an antibacterial compound known as lupeol (C30H50O) was also isolated from the leaves of F. deltoidea and exhibited toxicity against Staphylococcus aureus, Bacillus subtilis, and Escherichia coli [6]. α-glucosidase activity (Figure 2) [10]. Other vernacular names include Sempit-Sempit and Agoluran for people in Sabah, Sarawak, and the Kalimantan Islands, Tabat Barito in Indonesia, and Kangkalibang in Africa. Recently, the fruits of two varieties of F. deltoidea, var. Significant antinociceptive effects of F. deltoidea leaves were observed in all three methods used when administered 30 minutes prior to pain induction. recurvata Kochummen, and F. deltoidea var. The effects of F. deltoidea extract for healing of wounds in Sprague Dawley rats were evaluated by Abdulla et al. Female plant of Ficus deltoidea Jack. F. deltoidea extract compared to 250 mg kg−1. a long history of use among the Malays is Ficus deltoidea Jack, a plant of the family Moraceae. We are experimenting with display styles that make it easier to read articles in PMC. motleyana (Miq.) Here, we review and summarize the historic and current liter… Anti-inflammatory activity of standardised extracts of leaves of three varieties of, Sulaiman MR, Hussain MK, Zakaria ZA, et al. kunstleri and var. The scientific research on F. deltoidea indicated that this plant has received increasing interest in recent years. Correlation between enzymes inhibitory effects and antioxidant activities of standardized fractions of methanolic extract obtained from. Ficus deltoidea extract activity was investigated using cultured B16F1 melanoma cells focusing on the characterization of tyrosinase, the enzyme that is required for melanin production. Despite its importance, a review of this species has not been published in the scientific literature to date. An initial comprehensive study on volatile compounds produced by the fruits was conducted by Grison-Pigé et al. A comprehensive study on flavonoid compounds of aqueous extract of F. deltoidea was conducted by Omar et al. bilobata , var . Microphthalmia-associated transcription factor (MITF) expression also decreased when F. deltoidea extract was applied, suggesting that F. deltoidea has strong potential for use as a depigmenting agent in cosmetics. One of the most popular and well-known plants with a long history of use among the Malays is Ficus deltoidea Jack, a plant of the family Moraceae. Another study found that ethanol and methanol extracts of F. deltoidea leaves inhibited growth of Bacillus subtilis [28]. [25]. This was further supported by Samah et al. Recently, natural plant products have been gaining popularity in the prevention and treatment of various diseases. It was found that flavan-3-ol monomers and proanthocyanidins contributed 85% of the antioxidant activity of the aqueous extract of F. deltoidea (Figure 3). [14] to evaluate the ethanolic effect of F. deltoidea on glucose levels in normal rats showed that all doses reduced fasting blood glucose, especially after 6 hours of administration. Recently, the fruits of two varieties of F. deltoidea, var. Its botanical name is Ficus deltoidea Jack. This review will unify fragmented information regarding F. deltoidea in terms of its botany, traditional uses, phytochemistry, and pharmaceutical effects in order to facilitate better understanding and provide further support for the ethnopharmacological use of this important species. Oh MJ, Abdul Hamid M, Ngadiran S, Seo YK, Sarmidi MR, Park CS. Aqueous and ethanol extracts of F. deltoidea were found to have anticancer activity against human ovarian carcinoma cell line A2780 using a cell-based assay and confirmed by microscopic observation [30]. [9] using HPLC-MS-based methodology and more than 25 compounds were identified. This might be due to different types of phytochemical property in those two extracts. Samsulrizal et al. The results demonstrate that F. deltoidea leaves do have antinociceptive activity, corroborating its traditional use in treating painful conditions, such as headache and toothache. Burkill IH, Haniff M. Malay village medicine. 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